Rand Corporation

MIT sued FORTUNE’s mother or father corporation, Time, Inc. for infringement of the Technology Review trademark. In August the MIT pupil newspaper reported that legal professionals for MIT and Time had been reluctant to discuss the case, citing a confidentiality settlement that either side described as very restrictive. Jason Kravitz, a Boston lawyer who represented MIT in the case, instructed that the journal’s change of name to Fortune/CNET Tech Review, a change that occurred in the course of the case, might have been a part of the settlement. “All Wikipedia articles and other encyclopedic content must be written from a neutral perspective, representing vital views fairly, proportionately and with out bias.”

It was integrated in 1879 with a capital inventory of $275,000, the same 12 months it merged with one other competitor, H. W. Collender Company of New York City (based by Hugh W. Collender), to accumulate Collender’s patented billiard cushions. In 1884, the companions fashioned the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company (or B.B.C. Company for short) with capital of $1.5 million. thirteen,000Brunswick Corporation, formerly often known as the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company, is an American company that has been creating, manufacturing and marketing a wide variety of merchandise since 1845. Today, Brunswick has more than 13,000 workers working in 24 countries. Brunswick owns main boating brands, including Sea Ray, Boston Whaler, Bayliner, Mercury Marine, Attwood, Lund, Crestliner, Mastervolt, MotorGuide, Harris Pontoons, Freedom Boat Club, Princecraft, Heyday, Lowe, Uttern, Quicksilver and CZone, among many others. Brunswick’s global headquarters is within the northern Chicago suburb of Mettawa, Illinois. To comply with Wikipedia’s lead section tips, please contemplate modifying the lead to offer an accessible overview of the article’s key factors in such a means that it could possibly stand on its own as a concise model of the article. Automation and management technologies are rapidly rising crucial enablers for delivering innovation via sensible-linked leisure marine merchandise and experiences.

Modern Journal: 2005

It is financed by the U.S. authorities and personal endowment, firms, universities and personal people. The firm has grown to help different governments, worldwide organizations, personal firms and foundations with a bunch of protection and non-protection points, together with healthcare. RAND aims for interdisciplinary and quantitative problem fixing by translating theoretical concepts from formal economics and the physical sciences into novel purposes in other areas, utilizing utilized science and operations analysis. The web site uncovered Stephen Glass’s journalistic fraud in The New Republic in 1998, an article that drew attention to internet journalism.

The books are linked with reviews and from citations in journal articles. In addition to the principle site, the JSTOR labs group operates an open service that permits access to the contents of the archives for the needs of corpus analysis at its Data for Research service. This website offers a search facility with graphical indication of the article coverage and free integration into the principle JSTOR site. Users could create focused sets of articles after which request a dataset containing word and n-gram frequencies and basic https://1investing.in/ metadata. They are notified when the dataset is ready and may download it in both XML or CSV formats. The service does not offer full-textual content, although academics might request that from JSTOR, subject to a non-disclosure settlement. RAND Corporation (“analysis and development”) is an American nonprofit international policy suppose tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to supply research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.

Northrop Grumman’s Plan To Replace The Mq

“JSTOR–free access to early journal content material and serving ‘unaffiliated’ customers”, JSTOR. In 2012, JSTOR users carried out practically 152 million searches, with more than 113 million article views and 73.5 million article downloads. Beginning September 6, 2011, JSTOR made public area content material obtainable at no cost to the general public. This “Early Journal Content” program constitutes about 6% of JSTOR’s total content material, and contains over 500,000 paperwork from more than 200 journals that were revealed before 1923 within the United States, and before 1870 in different nations. JSTOR said that it had been engaged on making this material free for a while. The Swartz controversy and Greg Maxwell’s protest torrent of the same content material led JSTOR to “press ahead” with the initiative. As of 2017, JSTOR does not have plans to increase it to different public domain content, stating that “We don’t imagine that simply because one thing is within the public area, it can all the time be offered free of charge”.

Who created the Dao?

Likewise, the tradition that subsequently became known as Daoism (daojia) traced itself back to thinkers such as Laozi (assumed, if he existed, to have been a contemporary of Confucius) and the 4th-century-bce sage Zhuang Zhou, or Zhuangzi (“Master Zhuang”).

The Wall Street Journal cited the array of rules applied to enhancing and disputes associated to such content among the causes for this trend. Wales disputed these claims in 2009, denying the decline and questioning the methodology of the study. Two years later, in 2011, Wales acknowledged the presence of a slight decline, noting a decrease from “somewhat more than 36,000 writers” in June 2010 to 35,800 in June 2011. In the identical interview, Wales additionally claimed the number of editors was “steady and sustainable”. A 2013 article titled “The Decline of Wikipedia” in MIT Technology Review questioned this declare. The article revealed that since 2007, Wikipedia had misplaced a third of its volunteer editors, and those still there have focused more and more on trivialities. In July 2012, The Atlantic reported that the variety of directors is also in decline. In the November 25, 2013, concern of New York magazine, Katherine Ward stated “Wikipedia, the sixth-most-used website, is going through an inside crisis”. Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia, Slashdot postings, and net search engine indexing. Language editions had been also created, with a complete of 161 by the tip of 2004.

Decentralized Autonomous Organizations

Medium also published a expertise publication called Backchannel, edited by Steven Levy. Medium presents customers subscriptions to turn out to be a member for a $5 month-to-month or $50 yearly payment. With a Medium membership, entry to “exclusive content, audio narrations of in style tales, and an improved bookmark part” is enabled. Once an entry is posted, it can be beneficial and shared by different individuals, in a similar manner to Twitter. Posts may be upvoted in a similar manner to Reddit, and content material may be assigned a particular theme, in the identical way as Tumblr. Medium employees introduced their intent to type a commerce union with CODE-CWA in February 2021. According to the Medium Workers Union, 70% of eligible employees have signed union cards, representing employees in editorial, engineering, design and product departments. On February eleven, they asked management for voluntary recognition of their union.
Bots are capable of indicate edits from particular accounts or IP address ranges, as occurred on the time of the taking pictures down of the MH17 jet incident in July 2014 when it was reported edits had been made via IPs controlled by the Russian government. Wikipedia is hosted and funded by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-revenue group which additionally operates Wikipedia-associated initiatives corresponding to Wiktionary and Wikibooks. The foundation depends on public contributions and grants to fund its mission. The basis’s 2013 IRS Form 990 reveals revenue of $39.7 million and expenses of almost $29 million, with belongings of $37.2 million and liabilities of about $2.three million. Taha Yasseri of the University of Oxford, in 2013, studied the statistical developments of systemic bias at Wikipedia introduced by editing conflicts and their decision. His analysis examined the counterproductive work conduct of edit warring. Yasseri contended that easy reverts or “undo” operations weren’t the most significant measure of counterproductive behavior at Wikipedia and relied as an alternative on the statistical measurement of detecting “reverting/reverted pairs” or “mutually reverting edit pairs”. Such a “mutually reverting edit pair” is outlined the place one editor reverts the edit of another editor who then, in sequence, returns to revert the first editor within the “mutually reverting edit pairs”. The results have been tabulated for a number of language variations of Wikipedia.
As these blockchain-based mostly applied sciences become broadly used, there’s definitely a need for laws and rules to supply a legal framework inside which blockchain could be utilized. At the identical time, whereas the builders envisage in this new model, it is very important understand these issues in order to build compliant blockchain applications. The pretended incomprehensibility of the Einstein theory has been used as capital by professional anti-Einsteinians. Without prejudice to the cause of religion, I may remark that theological discussions have not at all times been distinguished by their character of lucidity.The historical Technology Review typically published articles that were controversial, or crucial of certain applied sciences. A 1980 concern contained an article by Jerome Wiesner attacking the Reagan administration’s nuclear protection strategy. The cover of a 1983 issue stated “Even if the fusion program produces a reactor, nobody will need it,” and contained an article by Lawrence M. Lidsky, affiliate director of MIT’s Plasma Fusion Center, difficult the feasibility of fusion power . The May 1984 concern contained an exposé about microchip manufacturing hazards.

Wikipedia’s unique medium was for customers to learn and edit content material utilizing any normal internet browser by way of a fixed Internet connection. One principal concern cited by The New York Times for the “fear” is for Wikipedia to successfully tackle attrition points with the variety of editors which the web encyclopedia attracts to edit and preserve its content material in a cellular access setting. The web site additionally includes sexual content material similar to images and movies of masturbation and ejaculation, illustrations of zoophilia, and photographs from hardcore pornographic films in its articles. The Arbitration Committee presides over the ultimate dispute resolution course of. Although disputes often come up from a disagreement between two opposing views on how an article should read, the Arbitration Committee explicitly refuses to immediately rule on the particular view that must be adopted. Therefore, the committee does not dictate the content material of articles, although it typically condemns content modifications when it deems the new content violates Wikipedia insurance policies . Its treatments embrace cautions and probations (used in 63% of cases) and banning editors from articles (43%), topic issues (23%), or Wikipedia (16%). Complete bans from Wikipedia are generally limited to instances of impersonation and anti-social behavior.
CEUs readily translate into Professional Development Hours , with 1 CEU being equal to 10 PDHs. Countries outdoors the United States, similar to South Africa, similarly require continuing professional improvement credit, and it’s anticipated that IEEE Expert Now courses will feature within the CPD listing for South Africa. The IEEE supplies learning alternatives throughout the engineering sciences, research, and know-how. On June 3, 2019, IEEE lifted restrictions on Huawei’s editorial and peer evaluate autonomous corporation actions after receiving clearance from the United States government. In May 2019, IEEE restricted Huawei employees from peer reviewing papers or dealing with papers as editors due to the “severe legal implications” of U.S. authorities sanctions in opposition to Huawei. As members of its standard-setting physique, Huawei staff may proceed to train their voting rights, attend requirements development conferences, submit proposals and comment in public discussions on new requirements.

Daos, Dacs, Das And More: An Incomplete Terminology Guide

It might more particularly follow the biases of Internet culture, inclining to be young, male, English-speaking, educated, technologically aware, and rich sufficient to spare time for enhancing. Biases, intrinsically, could include an overemphasis on subjects such as popular culture, technology, and current occasions. Most college lecturers discourage students from citing any encyclopedia in educational work, preferring major sources; some specifically prohibit Wikipedia citations. Wales stresses that encyclopedias of any type usually are not normally applicable to use as citable sources, and should not be relied upon as authoritative.

These embody Wikimedia chapters (that are national or sub-national organizations, such as Wikimedia Deutschland and Wikimédia France), thematic organizations , and person groups. These associates participate in the promotion, development, and funding of Wikipedia. One privacy concern in the case of Wikipedia is the proper of a personal citizen to remain a “non-public citizen” somewhat than a “public figure” within the eyes of the regulation. It is a battle between the right to be anonymous in our on-line world and the proper to be anonymous in real life (“meatspace”). A particular drawback occurs within the case of a relatively unimportant particular person and for whom there exists a Wikipedia page towards her or his wishes.

Content Material Insurance Policies And Tips

The terms decentralized autonomous company, distributed autonomous group, and so forth., have also been used. On February 5, 2003, Dun & Bradstreet restated prior interval outcomes to appropriate timing errors within the recognition of a number of the income associated with 14 of the corporate’s 200+ merchandise, after a evaluation of its revenue recognition from 1997 through 2002. In August 2010, Dun & Bradstreet spun off and bought its credit score monitoring and administration enterprise to a newly formed company, Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corp. In 2007, Dun & Bradstreet acquired AllBusiness.com and sold the company in 2012. The Dun & Bradstreet Corporation is an American firm that provides business data, analytics, and insights for businesses.

By then, the location had grown to more than 30,000 pieces of content and leadership planned to write 7,000 further articles each year. It was estimated that the positioning reached 2.2 million distinctive US guests per thirty days. Investopedia is an American financial website headquartered in New York City. Founded in the course of the dot-com bubble, Investopedia supplies investment dictionaries, recommendation, evaluations, ratings, and comparisons of monetary products such as brokerage accounts. Investopedia currently has more than 32,000 articles and reaches 17 million US unique monthly viewers. Companies utilizing DAO platforms to compartmentalize and automate certain components of their business can obtain fast scalability and be leaner with out sacrificing quality of service.
Content showing on Wikipedia has also been cited as a supply and referenced in some US intelligence company reports. In December 2008, the scientific journal RNA Biology launched a brand new section for descriptions of families of RNA molecules and requires authors who contribute to the part to also submit a draft article on the RNA household for publication in Wikipedia. Other collaborative online encyclopedias had been tried earlier than Wikipedia, but none were as profitable. Wikipedia started as a complementary project for Nupedia, a free on-line English-language encyclopedia project whose articles had been written by experts and reviewed beneath a formal process. It was based on March 9, 2000, underneath the possession of Bomis, an internet portal company. Its major figures had been Bomis CEO Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia.
autonomous corporation
An glorious example of that is the UK-primarily based Nexus Mutual, which is the primary decentralized mutual insurance incorporated as a cooperative and driven by a DAO. As such, decentralized autonomous organizations have made a reasonably excellent comeback because the catastrophe of 2016. “We now have a new invention, the decentralised autonomous organisation. I’m not convinced that a collection of good contracts operating on a blockchain-primarily based community will exchange the limited liability firm in its entirety. In addition to journals and conference proceedings, the IEEE also publishes tutorials and standards that are produced by its standardization committees. In writing IEEE papers, it is not only a matter of mentioning the creator’s name or the web page number or the date an article was printed. The most necessary facet is referring to the supply by indicating its quantity in a square bracket and guarantee it corresponds with the full quotation as talked about in the reference list.
Seigenthaler was falsely introduced as a suspect within the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Seigenthaler, the founding editorial director of USA Today and founder of the Freedom Forum First Amendment Center at Vanderbilt University, known as Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales and asked whether or not he had any means of knowing who contributed the misinformation. Wales replied that he didn’t, although the perpetrator was eventually traced. After the incident, Seigenthaler described Wikipedia as “a flawed and irresponsible analysis software”. This incident led to coverage adjustments at Wikipedia, particularly targeted at tightening up the verifiability of biographical articles of living people. Obvious vandalism is usually simple to take away from Wikipedia articles; the median time to detect and fix vandalism is a couple of minutes. Any change or edit that manipulates content in a method that purposefully compromises the integrity of Wikipedia is taken into account vandalism. The commonest and obvious forms of vandalism embody additions of obscenities and crude humor. Sometimes editors commit vandalism by removing content or totally blanking a given page. Less frequent forms of vandalism, such because the deliberate addition of believable however false information to an article could be harder to detect.

  • This includes native, state, and federal authorities, as well as non profits and different organizations.
  • DAOs are essentially on-line, digital entities that function through the implementation of precoded guidelines.
  • “Northrop completes spin-off of ship business.” Reuters, March 31, 2011.
  • The platform is an instance of social journalism, having a hybrid assortment of newbie and professional folks and publications, or unique blogs or publishers on Medium, and is regularly considered a blog host.

At the peak of media protection of alleged Toyota sudden unintended acceleration in 2010, it exposed the California “runaway Prius” as a hoax, as well as running 5 other articles by Michael Fumento difficult the entire media premise of Toyota’s vehicles gone dangerous. The site, like the journal, publishes many lists focusing on billionaires and their possessions, particularly expensive homes, a critical aspect of the web site’s recognition. Forbes.com makes use of a “contributor model” during which a wide network of “contributors” writes and publishes articles directly on the website. Contributors are paid primarily based on traffic to their respective Forbes.com pages; the positioning has received contributions from over 2,500 people, and some contributors have earned over US$100,000, in accordance with the company. Forbes currently permits advertisers to publish blog posts on its website alongside regular editorial content through a program known as BrandVoice, which accounts for more than 10 p.c of its digital income.
The firm dumped cadmium, arsenic, chromium-tainted sludge, solvents, paints and PCBs on the web site between 1949 and 1962. Additionally, two poisonous chemical plumes centered under Bethpage Community Park and other surrounding land formerly owned by Grumman or Northrop Grumman have unfold to beneath neighboring homes. In November 2013, the Bethpage Water District filed a multimillion-dollar lawsuit in opposition to Northrop Grumman in Federal Court for the Eastern District of New York for contaminating the groundwater in Bethpage. In 2000, Northrop Grumman was designated a Primary Responsible Party underneath federal Superfund laws at 13 hazardous waste sites and beneath state Superfund laws at eight sites. The corporation has additionally been linked to 52 superfund poisonous waste websites.

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